Pocket Gophers, or Ground Squirrels as they are sometimes
called, can be as big a problem as ants.
Gophers are like little bulldozers. They dig a network of
tunnels usually six to 12 inches below the surface.
Tunnels near the surface are for gathering food and act as
highways to get around; deeper ones are for sleeping, raising the
young and storing food. Well-suited to burrowing, gophers have small
eyes and ears that don't clog with dirt, and sensitive whiskers and
tails to guide them in the dark. Gophers have long teeth for biting
off chunks of hard soil or roots. They are sensitive to sound, and a
variety of smells, as well as light.
To successfully control gophers and other rodents, one needs to
understand their senses of smell and hearing. If you see a plant
being dragged under ground you know you have gophers.
Gophers eat plant roots as well as bulbs. They will eat almost
anything including most vegetables such as tomatoes, carrots,
squash, lettuces, etc. and they also love roses (the roots). They'll
nibble on the roots of your fruit trees, roots of most flowers, and
Moles are insectivores they eat earthworms, bugs, larvae, grubs,
spiders, centipedes and only occasionally nibble on greens and
Most of the time, they do very little damage other than through
their tunneling, unearthing plants and exposing root systems.
How can you tell a gopher from a mole? Gopher mounds have dirt
pushed off to one side of the mound while moles have a volcano
effect with the center at the entrance to the tunnel (usually
Poisons do not work on moles! They must be trapped and moved
Gophers can do a great deal of damage,
but are an important part of the natural ecosystem. I do not
recommend the use of traps as they are inhumane and very cruel.
It is important that you properly feed and care for your plants
as gophers are less likely to attack healthy plants. By top-dressing
your lawn and property with year-old horse manure, you will not only
be feeding your soil, but also repelling gophers naturally as they
do not like manure.
You will also be encouraging natural predators as compost
promotes healthy environments which always attracts the variety of
life needed for there to be a balance.
And as easy to control!
The deeper the tunnel, the older the gopher that dug it!
This is the key to their control!
If they wanted to do damage they would! It would be better to
get used to them if possible then to try and kill them off. A lot
depends on where you live. In my garden, gophers come and go as they
please. They are welcome as they do a lot of soil turning over for
me! It is not hard to train them to only be in certain areas of your
garden and to leave other areas alone. Actually, I like gophers
coming through certain parts of my garden during the right times for
them to loosen the soil for me, eat any grubs, insects and then
leave the garden for me and my vegetables!
Unless you use the humane traps which don't hurt them and they
can then be moved to another safer area.
chek out this video
click on image to start the video...
underground pests- gophers-moles